Take home message.
We live in the modern world. We need to wear shoes. Some of us even need orthotics.
That is okay.
Shoes and orthotics can be a great tool but be aware of the side effects, choose minimalist footwear or barefeet when you can ( this must be earned) and take the time to mobilize & strengthen your foot.
Orthotics are like braces and we would never brace any other body part and not strengthen it. Right?
* make sure your pinky is moving too!
4. Big Toe
Your foot is a highly
powerful neuromuscular structure.
1/4 of the muscles in your body
1/4 of the bones in your body
Science says your feet NEED to work, you NEED forefoot splay & you NEED to feel the ground.
Tight supportive cushioned shoes
will give you weak, stiff, deformed, sensitive feet.
This is what you'll find me doing while watching a movie or reading a book. Watch out for cramping! If your can't control your foot muscles you will experience neurological confusion = CRAMPING. Daily doses and cramping will get better.
Other ways to challenge foot core. Also see FUNCTIONAL EXERCISES below.
If your ankle is stiff or not working optimally your foot will 100% try to compensate for it. This is a huge cause of non-optimal foot loading. Figure of 8's are one of my favourite ankle mobility drills. Hunt for asymmetries side to side and make the biggest 8's you can. Wind out ( horizontal) + Wind down ( vertical).
Your foot is designed to be a mobile adaptor. Your loading response should be for your foot to spring....LENGTHEN and WIDEN...pronate. Many people, before the foot even hits the ground, have a rigid, braced, tense foot that resembles more of a claw than a spring.
Below are my favourites from basic to globally integrated functional exercises.
5. Foot Core
3. Couch Drills for Mobility, Strength, Dexterity & Control
Get your hands on a pair of toe spreaders.
I recommend The Foot Collective ( very comfortable, great price point and I carry them in the clinic) or Correct Toes.
You can wear them sitting, sleeping, walking, during activity and even inside approved foot wear. Just remember, this is an adaptive process so increase your exposure to them gradually.
8. Integrated Entire Body Functional Exercises
Toe spreaders are a powerful tool to mitigate the side effects of footwear.
They do more than just regain the natural architecture of your foot. They :
I also recommend doing the "Human Toe Spreader Exercise" on a daily basis and before activity. As Podiatrist Dr. Emily Splichal points out ...Stimulation of mechanoreceptors around your plantar plates pre-activity has shown to improve movement accuracy during activity (Steinberg et al. 2015). So you don't need to run barefoot but stimulate the mechanoreceptos before you run and you will perform better.
Don't believe me? Try this 30 sec drill on one foot and then stand up and compare feet Sensory input is one of the most important contributors to motor output. This is where the problem with "cushioned" shoes begins. Shoes = ear muffs.
1. Lift Spread Reach
The Human Toe Spreader
I can't emphasize enough how much hip function is intertwined with foot function.
These are my top 3 hip exercises. Talk to your physio for regressions, progressions and more specific exercises to you.
Learn about footwear and make mindful choices.
Dress shoes, orthotics and cushioned shoes don't need to be banned. As @clayton.moves says "frequency of exposure" is what matters. For example, I run in orthotics and wear high heels Saturday night but at home I choose barefeet with toe spreaders and I have a collection of foot strength and mobility exercises that keep my feet happy.
Another important point > If you've worn orthotics and stiff shoes for decades DON'T start wearing minimalist shoes 24 hours a day. Start gradually. It's like taking off a brace..you will be stiff and weak. This is an adaptive process.
1. Set up with the best foot architecture you can :
2. Activate foot core or "short foot" :
3. Do NOT curl your toes.
There are 26 bones under your ankle and 1/4 of the muscles in your body. Your foot was meant to be powerful. You should be able to use all of those joints and muscles. Can you?
2. Dissociation Drills
This is a fabulous exercise that can be done anywhere.
Even inside your shoes.
Expand your mobility, strength & control.
Essentials for BULLETPROOFING your feet in the modern world.
Foot pathology and deformities are an epidemic in our modern world DESPITE having access to the BEST foot wear . Plantar fisciitis, achilles tendonitis, shin splints, bunions, hammer toes, fat pad migration, neuromas, stress fractures, rigid arches, collapsed arches, etc. The majority of our population has stiff, weak feet and minimal control of the muscles.
Wondering why? Want to do something about it?